Saint Theodore II, Bishop of Sion, October 27

October 27, 2009


Saint Theodore II, Bishop of Sion
October 27

The figure of St. Teodulo Bishop of Sion, has many similarities to its namesake saint, bishop of Octodurum, but he lived in the fourth century; their stories are often confused, especially in the story of miracles, both are in the Valais (canton of Switzerland south-west).

S. Teodulo or Theodore II, was the first bishop of the new diocese of Sion in the canton of Valais, after s. King Sigismund of Burgundy († 524) had transferred the seat of the diocese of Martigny to the new capital of the Valais, Sion.

S. Teodulo suggested to King Sigismund, along with neighboring bishops gathered in council to Agaune April 30 515, to found the famous Abbey of St. Mauritius, in honor of the martyrs of the Theban Legion, killed in those places.

He died sometime in the sixth century, and her oldest images are those of the reliquary in the Cathedral of Sion, while other paintings are in museums in Geneva and Zurich. A legendary story says that one year the vineyards of Valais had suffered severely for the frost, then s. Teodulo the eve of harvest, he urged the tenants to prepare the barrels as if it were an abundant harvest.

Then he piled up throughout the grape that was still good in the same place, he blessed and made to press the grapes in all the barrels, which were filled to overflowing with wine. For this he became the protector of vineyards and winemakers in some paintings is shown with a bunch of grapes in his hand. His feast day is October 27.

Author: Antonio Borrelli

Source: Santi e Beati


St. Symmachus, October 22

October 22, 2009

St. Symmachus

St. Symmachus Bishop of Capua
October 22
Capua (Santa Maria Capua Vetere), † 449 approx.

In 430 Symmachus was bishop of Capua, the ancient city founded in the sixth century BC by the Etruscans, then dominated by Samnites, who absorbed the culture Etruscan and Hellenistic Greek. Symmachus was the founder of the basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, survived the destruction of the Saracens and became the initial core of the new city, the future Santa Maria Capua Vetere, becoming the cathedral. Symmachus would have died in 449, after 19 years of episcopacy in Capua and his worship was always kept alive. From 1313 appeared the first calendars bearing his name was added, and were also present in the territory Capuano, many churches named after him, even in popular forms, Simo, Simm, Simbrico. And he’s patron of Santa Maria Capua Vetere. Read the rest of this entry »

Saint Adalgiso Bishop of Novara, October 7

October 7, 2009

Saint Adalgiso Bishop of Novara

Saint Adalgiso Bishop of Novara
October 7

Was the thirty-second of the series, as you can read in the diptychs of the church of Novara, the one preserved in the Basilica of St. Gaudenzio (1070) And the other in the Cathedral (1123 ca.). More sober the first, the second largest, attest, however, agreed that Adalgiso. was bishop of Novara for eighteen years, from 830 (or 831) 849 (or 850) according to some, to 834 or 852-3 (?) according to others.

The talk of Bascape A. in its Novara, after describing the era in which the saint lived, that of Charlemagne’s victories over the Lombards, followed by the constitution from coronation of the emperor and the Holy Roman Empire, which gives rise to the Carolingian rule in Italy.

Adalgisa is constantly felt by the tradition of Lombard origin, perhaps from the same family last king Desiderius, indeed, even his niece. But no one knows exactly of his youthful years. Thought to be a canon of the church of Saint Gaudenzio, having later proved very wide of its assets to the chapter of this church. Even if it has been named bishop for his virtues rather than for high society. By 854 he was no longer among the living, as stated in the diploma of Emperor Louis II, directed to the successor of Adalgisa, Dodona or Brass and precisely dated June 7 of that year.

In addition to “holy bishop” (these words, written in red as a sign of honor, are the more calories you read in the diptychs of the Cathedral), he is also credited with rare praise of “gem of the priests,” while alludes to his “specchiatissime works.”

It may be safely said that historic news of his generous donations to the canons of the Cathedral, Episcopal, and now preserved in the Archive already lost. Donations also covered the canons of Saints Julius and Gozzano, as well as those of the Cathedral of St. Gaudenzio. There are three separate documents, probably all of February 19, 840, obtained from the emperor at the request of Adalgisa.

From the same letter that Adalgisa put at the service of the church of Santa Maria forty clergy for the celebration of divine offices, giving them a reasonable benefit. He also enriched the Cathedral with the wonderful mosaic that still be seen before the high altar. In another outstanding document, preserved in the library chapter of Saint Gaudenzio, which bears the date of January 30, 848, it is noted that Adalgiso gave to the canons of St. Gaudenzio the possession of the basket and other lands of the Lower Novarese, providing them even “the clothing and footwear.

When he died, his remains were first raised in the church of Saint Gaudenzio outside the walls, then taken to the city in 1533, after the destruction of the church and outside of houses by Charles V. Since 1927 they rest, along with the relics of other bishops of Novara, in Saint. Gaudenzio, in an artistic urn under the altar dedicated to his name. His feast occurs according to the Acta Sanctorum October 7, while today the Church celebrates the Novara 5 of the same month.

Author: Vincenzo Gilla Gremigni

Source: Santi e Beati

St. Magnus, October 6

October 6, 2009

St. Magnus

St. Magnus, Bishop of Oderzo and Eraclea
October 6

Roman Martyrology: In Veneto, the commemoration of St. Magnus, bishop, said to have gone away from the city of Oderzo with much of his flock because the Lombard invasion, founding the new city of Heraclea, and has built eight churches in Venice.

Even if his legend was, as the Martyr Comm. Roma, “a tissue of clichés” and though the earliest evidence of him are of later centuries, but it would be unwise to abandon the position of discrete acceptance of the Venetian tradition, which was already the Bollandist J. Guese quiere. According to this tradition was born in Great Altino noble family, probably in ‘the last quarter century. VI. Experience at home the humanistic education, he retired to life as a hermit on an island in the nearby lagoon, where he prepared for the priesthood, who received and exercised in the city of Oderzo, fighting the last layers of paganism and the Aryan infiltration coming from the part of diocese (Ceneda), occupied by the Lombards.

In 630 approx. succeeded s. Titian in the episcopal see of Oderzo. The city and the diocese were still subject to the Byzantines, which provide the final spur on the mainland, a wedge driven into the Lombard kingdom of resistance. It is no wonder that Rotari, taking advantage of the fact that the Byzantine forces were engaged in the East, the 638-39 has attacked and occupied the town. Most of the inhabitants, under the guidance of its political leaders and especially the bishop, took refuge in the neighboring islands of the Venetian lagoon, which were part of the Diocese of Oderzo, the most in that arose when “Civitas Nova Heraclian que dicitur.” Magno obtained from the Pope Severinus (May 28 to August 2 640) and primitive, patriarch of Grado, to move the bishop’s seat, while retaining the name of Oderzo. Built the cathedral dedicated to the apostle St. Peter, indeed, the tradition makes the founder, by divine inspiration, eight other churches in the area where it will rise Rialto Venice. A new influx of Opitergino at Heraclea and nearby islands took place when, in 665-667, Oderzo was reoccupied by the Lombards and destroyed the foundations. The holy survived a few years to the sad event: ninety died around 670 and was buried in his cathedral.

When for the burial of the surrounding lagoon, Eraclea was abandoned by its inhabitants, the Doge Pietro Ziani (1205-29), 6 October 1206, he carried the remains of the Great in Venice, in S. Jeremiah. On December 21, 1459, the Venetian Senate decreed that the day was a holiday for the whole city at that festival, the Doges were pilgrims with their court in S. Jeremiah, until, on 28 September 1563, a new decree of the senate that allowed an arm of the saint was brought to the basilica of S. Marco and there every year, October 6, exposed to the veneration of the doge and the faithful within a rich silver reliquary.

Magnus continues to be venerated in the Diocese of Venice as a secondary patron, even after April 22, 1956 his remains returned to Heraclea be retained in the new parish church of St. Mary Immaculate. The most beautiful depiction of the saint is unbelief S. Thomas, Academy of Fine Arts in Venice: Cima da Conegliano shows him standing with bushy white beard, wrapped in rich cope, the pastoral staff in his left, along with s. Thomas, because as he was the protector of the art of the builders.

Author: Daniel Irenaeus

Source: Santi e Beati

St. Cassian, August 5

August 5, 2009

st. cassian

St. Cassian, Bishop

Roman Martyrology: At lugdunense Autun in Gaul, now France, St. Cassian, Bishop.

Source: Santi e Beati

Saint Arbogast, July 21

July 21, 2009

St. Arbogast

Saint Arbogast, Bishop
July 21
m. About 600

Roman Martyrology: In Strasbourg in Burgundy, Saint Arbogast, Bishop.

Ireland and Scotland compete for being designated as the birthplace of this saint who lived in the sixth century, even if the name Arbogast suggests rather an origin Aquilana or French. The rest of his life has come down to us through his “Life” largely legendary, done by his successor on the Episcopal chair, which seems to have some historical basis. But its existence and the reputation of the manufacturer of churches that are spread about him are attested by the detection of some bricks bearing an engraving of the name of Arbogast.

Since its the holy country, he therefore moved to Alsace to devote himself to the hermitic life; according to tradition, he resurrected a young prince, the son of King Dagobert, who was killed during a hunt, which took place near his cell. The king, full of gratitude to the saint, then appointed him bishop of Strasbourg. Undertaking the construction of the first Cathedral of the city, Arbogast then devoted his whole life to the care of the portion of the People of God entrusted to become unparalleled example of humility. He was always traditionally given the will to be buried in a hillside intended only for criminals. His desire was fulfilled when he died around 660 and this was followed by the construction of a church.

Saint Arbogast is revered as the main patron of the diocese of Strasbourg, as well as Co-patron of some nearby cities. He is also called on for relief in moments of fatigue.

Source: Santi e Beati

Saint Apollinare, July 20

July 20, 2009

Saint Apollinaire July 20JPGSaint Apollinare of Ravenna, Bishop and Martyr
July 20
ca. II-III century

Saint Apollinare, a native of Antioch, became a Bishop in the imperial city of Ravenna, perhaps instructed by the apostle St. Peter, of whom we’re told he was a disciple. He devoted himself to the work of evangelization of the Emilia-Romagna, finally to die as a martyr. The Basilica of Saint Apollinare in Class and Saint Apollinare’s New Basilica have passed to memories. His cult spread quickly, however, beyond the city limits. The pontiffs Simmaco (498-514) and Honorius I (625-638) promoted its to Rome, while the ex-king Clovis dedicated a church to him at Dijon. In Germany,his cult was probably spread by the Benedictine monasteries, and Camaldolese Avellana. A church was also dedicated to him in Bologna in the Palazzo del Podestà, but since it was demolished in 1250, Cardinal Lambertini dedicated an altar in the cathedral town. Saint Apollinare is considered the patron saint of the city where he was the first pastor, and the region Emilia-Romagna. Read the rest of this entry »