Blessed Bishop Wincenty Kadlubek, Cistercian Monk
Karnow, Poland, circa 1160 – Jedrzejow, Poland, March 8, 1223
Roman Martyrology: In the monastery of Jędrzejów in Poland, transit of Blessed Vincent Kadlubek, bishop of Krakow, who was deposed from his job, practiced in this place, the monastic life.
Wincenty Kadlubek was born of noble family about the year 1160 at Karnow, in the Duchy of Sandomir in Poland. He studied in France and Italy, he received priestly ordination, in1189 until potette sign as “Magister Vincentius”, since he apparently became canon and dean of School of the Cathedral of Krakow. A document dated 1212 bears his signature as “Praepositus Sandomirensis of the quondam”, namely the Provost of the Cathedral of Sandomir. On the death of Bishop Fulk of Krakow, September 11, 1207, the chapter voted in favor of the election of Vincent. Pope Innocent III approved the measure March 28 and following the new bishop was consecrated by Metropolitan Kielicz Henry, archbishop of Gnesen.
Poland was at that time in a period of moral degradation, both political and ecclesiastical, and Innocent III asked the Metropolitan, his fellow-student, to undertake a profound reform of the clergy and people. Vincent then proposed to proceed in harmony with the line indicated by Metropolitan and with his pastoral visits and sermons, he tried to convey the spirit of renewal desired by the pontiff.
He also closely followed the life of the religious in his diocese and made substantial donations for the monasteries of Sulejow, Koprzywnica and Jedrzejow. Dominican priest ordered the Polish Blessed Ceslao of Krakow, who in her environment had gained intellectual and spiritual culture.
In 1214, thanks to the providential intervention of Bishop Vincenzo, a long-running dispute about the possession of Galicia was resolved, a much sought after by kings Andrew II of Hungary and Leszek the Good, the prince of Krakow. The latter gave the bishop his daughter, the Blessed Salomea, who was only three, which led to the court of the king of Hungary, who had in fact arranged her future marriage to the crown prince Kálmán (name usually Italianized as Colomanno), three years older.
Four years after Vincenzo stepped down from the episcopal chair, and, after acceptance by the Pope Honorius III, he retired to the monastery of Jedrzejow first to receive the Polish Cistercian habit. After the period prescribed, he issued his profession and he died as a monk on March 8, 1223 in Jedrzejow. He was buried under the altar of the abbey church.
John Sobieski in 1682 brought a petition for his beatification and a similar request was made in 1699 by the general chapter of the order of Citeaux though it was not until February 18, 1764, under pressure from Wojciech Ziemicki, abbot of Jedrzejow, the Pope Clement XIII granted confirmation of cult as “Blessed” for Wincenty Kadlubek, who is popularly known as St. Vincent from Krakow.
Finally worthy of note that the works of Blessed Wincenty Kadlubek composed as the first Polish journalist: “Chronica seu originale et principum Regum Poloniae” in four volumes. The first three are in the form of dialogue between the Archbishop of Gnesen John (1148-65) and Matthew Bishop of Krakow (1145-65). The first is legendary, the second is based on a chronicle of a Gallo, the third and fourth summarize the experience of the author. The period in which the work saw the light does not find the experts agree: it was commissioned by King Casimir, or when Leszek Vincent was already a bishop, while others, he devoted himself to it now imprisoned in the monastery.
O God, you’ve given to Blessed Vincent
to build, with the pastoral ministry, your church
and devote themselves completely to you
hidden in the monastic life,
grant also to us, through his intercession,
you can reach the eternal life,
walking in the narrow street of mortification.
For our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who is God,
who lives and reigns with you, the Holy Spirit,
for ever and ever. Amen.
Author: Fabio Arduino
Source: Santi e Beati